Shakespeare: The Animated Tales (TV Series 1992–1994)

TVSeries


Shakespeare: The Animated Tales (TV Series 1992–1994)

An animated adaptation of twelve of Shakespeare's best-known plays. The series was produced by S4C for the BBC, but animated by some of the foremost artists of Soyuzmultfilm, the former Soviet Union's main animation studio. Each 26-minute play is directed by a different animator, in a wide variety of styles: cel animation for Macbeth, stop-motion puppets in Twelfth Night, and paint on glass for Hamlet.
Russia
UK
USA
IMDb  8.1 /10
Creators
Creator Dave Edwards
Creator Natalya Orlova
Creator Leon Garfield
Creator William Shakespeare
Information
Release Date1992-11-09
Runtime26mins
GenreAnimation, Short, Adventure, Comedy, Drama, History, Horror, Romance, War
Content RatingTV-Y7 (TV-Y7)
AwardsWon 3 Primetime Emmys. Another 3 wins.
CompanyChristmas Films, Soyuzmultfilm, Sianel 4 Cymru (S4C)
CountryRussia, UK, USA, Japan
LanguageEnglish
Narrator 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Narrator / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Anne / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Baptista / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Gremio / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Autolycus / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Jonathan Tafler
Jonathan Tafler
Camillo / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Stefan Bednarczyk
Stefan Bednarczyk
Amiens / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Garard Green
Garard Green
Adam / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Andrew Wincott
Andrew Wincott
Laertes / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Duke Orsino / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Patrick Brennan
Patrick Brennan
2nd Murderer / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Richard Pearce
Richard Pearce
Donalbain / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Cardinal / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
1st Murderer / ... 2 episodes, 1992-1994
Narrator / ... 2 episodes, 1994
Spike Hood
Spike Hood
Prince Edward / ... 2 episodes, 1994
Hywel Nelson
Hywel Nelson
Duke of York / ... 2 episodes, 1994

Shakespeare: The Animated Tales

Shakespeare: The Animated Tales (also known as The Animated Shakespeare) is a series of twelve half-hour animated television adaptations of the plays of William Shakespeare, originally broadcast on BBC2 and S4C between 1992 and 1994.

The series was commissioned by the Welsh language channel S4C. Production was co-ordinated by the Dave Edwards Studio in Cardiff, although the shows were animated in Moscow by Soyuzmultfilm, using a variety of animation techniques. The scripts for each episode were written by Leon Garfield, who produced heavily truncated versions of each play. The academic consultant for the series was Professor Stanley Wells. The dialogue was recorded at the facilities of BBC Wales in Cardiff.

The show was both a commercial and a critical success. The first series episode "Hamlet" won two awards for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation" (one for the animators and one for the designers and director) at the 1993 Emmys, and a Gold Award at the 1993 New York Festival. The second-season episode "The Winter's Tale" also won the "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Animation" at the 1996 Emmys. The episodes continue to be used in schools as teaching aids, especially when introducing children to Shakespeare for the first time. However, the series has been critiqued for the large number of scenes cut to make the episodes shorter in length.

In the United States, the series aired on HBO and featured live-action introductions by Robin Williams.


Development

Creation

The series was conceived in 1989 by Christopher Grace, head of animation at S4C. Grace had previously worked with Soyuzmultfilm on an animated version of the Welsh folktale cycle, the Mabinogion, and he turned to them again for the Shakespeare project, feeling "if we were going to animate Shakespeare in a thirty-minute format, then we had to go to a country that we knew creatively and artistically could actually deliver. And in my view, frankly, there was only one country that could do it in the style that we wanted, that came at it from a different angle, a country to whom Shakespeare is as important as it is to our own." Grace was also very keen to avoid creating anything Disney-esque; "Disney has conditioned a mass audience to expect sentimentality; big, gooey-eyed creatures with long lashes, and winsome, simpering female characters. This style went with enormous flair and verve and comic panache; but a lot of it was kitsch."

The series was constructed by recording the scripts before any animation had been done. Actors were hired to recite abbreviated versions of the plays written by Leon Garfield, who had written a series of prose adaptations of Shakespeare's plays for children in 1985, Shakespeare Stories. According to Garfield, editing the plays down to thirty minutes whilst maintaining original Shakespearean dialogue was not easy; "lines that are selected have to carry the weight of narrative, and that's not always easy. It frequently meant using half a line, and then skipping perhaps twenty lines, and then finding something that would sustain the rhythm but at the same time carry on the story. The most difficult by far were the comedies. In the tragedies, you have a very strong story going straight through, sustained by the protagonist. In the comedies, the structure is much more complex." Garfield compared the task of trying to rewrite the plays as half-hour pieces as akin to "painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel on a postage stamp." To maintain narrative integrity, Garfield added non-Shakespearean voice-over narration to each episode, which would usually introduce the episode and then fill in any plot points skipped over by the dialogue. The use of a narrator was also employed by Charles Lamb and Mary Lamb in their own prose versions of Shakespeare's plays for children, Tales from Shakespeare, published in 1807, to which Garfield's work is often compared. However, fidelity to the original texts was paramount in the minds of the creators as the episodes sought "to educate their audience into an appreciation and love of Shakespeare, out of a conviction of Shakespeare as a cultural artifact available to all, not restricted to a narrowly defined form of performance. Screened in dozens of countries, The Animated Tales is Shakespeare as cultural educational television available to all."

The dialogue was recorded at the sound studios of BBC Wales in Cardiff. During the recording, Garfield himself was present, as was literary advisor, Stanley Wells, as well as the Russian directors. All gave input to the actors during the recording sessions. The animators then took the voice recordings back to Moscow and began to animate them. At this stage, the project was overseen by Dave Edwards, who co-ordinated the Moscow animation with S4C. Edwards' job was to keep one eye on the creative aspects of the productions and one eye on the financial and practical aspects. This didn't make him especially popular with some of the directors, but his role was an essential one if the series was to be completed on time and under budget. According to Elizabeth Babakhina, executive producer of the series in Moscow, the strict rules brought into play by Edwards actually helped the directors; "Maybe at long last our directors will learn that you can't break deadlines. In the past, directors thought "If I make a good film, people will forgive me anything." Now they've begun to understand that they won't necessarily be forgiven even if they make a great film. It has to be a great film, and be on time."

Publicity

There was considerable media publicity prior to the initial broadcast of the first season, with Prince Charles commenting "I welcome this pioneering project which will bring Shakespeare's great wisdom, insight and all-encompassing view of mankind to many millions from all parts of the globe, who have never been in his company before." An article in the Radio Times wrote "as a result of pre-sales alone, tens of millions of people are guaranteed to see it and Shakespeare is guaranteed for his best year since the First Folio was published in 1623." One commentator who was distinctly unimpressed with the adaptations, however, was scholar and lecturer Terence Hawkes who wrote of the episodes, "they will be of no use. They are packages of stories based on the Shakespearean plots, which themselves were not original. So they aren't going to provide much insight into Shakespeare."

The second season aired two years after the first, and received considerably less media attention.

Legacy

A major part of the project was the educational aspect of the series, especially the notion of introducing children to Shakespeare for the first time. The series was made available to schools along with a printed copy of the script for each episode, complete with illustrations based on, but not verbatim copies of the Russian animation. The printed scripts were slightly longer than Garfield's final filmed versions, but remained heavily truncated. Each text also came with a study guide for teachers. The Animated Tales have gone on to become "one of the most widely used didactic tools in British primary and secondary schools."

In 1996, the producers created a follow-up series, Testament: The Bible in Animation.

In 2000, Christopher Grace launched the Shakespeare Schools Festival (SSF) using Leon Garfield's twelve abridged scripts. The festival takes place annually, with hundreds of school children performing half-hour shows in professional theatres across the UK.


Series one

A Midsummer Night's Dream

  • Directed and designed by Robert Saakiants
  • Originally aired: 9 November 1992
  • Animation type: Cel animation
  • Menna Trussler as Narrator
  • Daniel Massey as Oberon
  • Suzanne Bertish as Titania
  • Anthony Jackson as Puck
  • Abigail McKern as Hermia
  • Kathryn Pogson as Helena
  • Charles Millham as Demetrius
  • Kim Wall as Lysander
  • Bernard Hill as Bottom
  • Peter Postlethwaite as Quince
  • Anna Linstrum as Fairy
  • Lorraine Cole as Fairy

The Tempest

  • Directed by Stanislav Sokolov
  • Designed by Elena Livanova
  • Originally aired: 16 November 1992
  • Animation type: Stop motion puppet animation
  • Martin Jarvis as Narrator
  • Timothy West as Prospero
  • Alun Armstrong as Caliban
  • Ella Mood as Ariel
  • Katy Behean as Miranda
  • Jonathan Tafler as Ferdinand
  • John Moffatt as Alonzo
  • James Greene as Gonzalo
  • Sion Probert as Sebastian
  • Peter Guinness as Antonio
  • Stephen Thorne as Stephano
  • Ric Jerrom as Trinculo

Macbeth

  • Directed by Nikolai Serebryakov
  • Designed by Vladimir Morozov and Ildar Urmanche
  • Originally aired: 23 November 1992
  • Animation type: Cel animation
  • Alec McCowen as Narrator
  • Brian Cox as Macbeth
  • Zoë Wanamaker as Lady Macbeth
  • Laurence Payne as Duncan
  • Patrick Brennan as Banquo
  • Clive Merrison as Macduff
  • Mary Wimbush as Witch
  • Val Lorraine as Witch
  • Emma Gregory as Witch
  • Richard Pearce as Donalbain
  • David Acton as Malcolm
  • John Baddeley as Lennox

Romeo and Juliet

  • Directed by Efim Gamburg
  • Designed by Igor Makarov
  • Originally aired: 30 November 1992
  • Animation type: Cel animation
  • Felicity Kendal as Narrator
  • Linus Roache as Romeo
  • Clare Holman as Juliet
  • Jonathan Cullen as Benvolio
  • Greg Hicks as Mercutio
  • Brenda Bruce as Nurse
  • Garard Green as Friar Laurence
  • Brendan Charleson as Tybalt
  • Charles Kay as Capulet
  • Maggie Steed as Lady Capulet

Hamlet

  • Directed by Natalia Orlova
  • Designed by Peter Kotov and Natalia Demidova
  • Originally aired: 7 December 1992
  • Animation type: Paint on glass
  • Michael Kitchen as Narrator
  • Nicholas Farrell as Hamlet
  • John Shrapnel as Claudius and The Ghost
  • Susan Fleetwood as Gertrude
  • Tilda Swinton as Ophelia
  • John Warner as Polonius
  • Dorien Thomas as Horatio
  • Andrew Wincott as Laertes

Twelfth Night

  • Directed by Maria Muat
  • Designed by Ksenia Prytkova
  • Originally aired: 14 December 1992
  • Animation type: Stop motion puppet animation
  • Rosemary Leach as Narrator
  • Fiona Shaw as Viola
  • Roger Allam as Duke Orsino
  • Suzanne Burden as Olivia
  • Gerald James as Malvolio
  • William Rushton as Toby Belch
  • Stephen Tompkinson as Sir Andrew
  • Alice Arnold as Maria
  • Stefan Bednarczyk as Feste
  • Hugh Grant as Sebastian

Series two

Richard III

  • Directed by Natasha Orlova
  • Designed by Peter Kotov
  • Originally aired: 2 November 1994
  • Animation type: Paint on glass
  • Antony Sher as Richard
  • Alec McCowen as Narrator
  • Eleanor Bron as Duchess of York
  • Tom Wilkinson as Buckingham
  • James Grout as Catesby/Ely
  • Sorcha Cusack as Queen Elizabeth
  • Suzanne Burden as Anne
  • Stephen Thorne as Hastings/Cardinal
  • Michael Maloney as Clarence/Norfolk
  • Spike Hood as Prince Edward
  • Hywel Nelson as Duke of York
  • Patrick Brennan as Richmond/2nd Murderer
  • Philip Bond as Tyrrel
  • Brendan Charleson as 1st Murderer/Messenger

The Taming of the Shrew

  • Directed by Aida Ziablikova
  • Designed by Olga Titova
  • Originally aired: 9 November 1994
  • Animation type: Stop motion puppet animation
  • Amanda Root as Kate
  • Nigel Le Vaillant as Petruchio
  • Malcolm Storry as Sly/Nathaniel
  • Manon Edwards as Bianca
  • John Warner as Gremio/Servant/Tailor
  • Gerald James as Baptista
  • Lawmary Champion as Hostess/Widow
  • Hilton McRae as Hortensio/Peter
  • Richard Pearce as Lucentio
  • Big Mick as Narrator

As You Like It

  • Directed by Alexei Karayev
  • Designed by Valentin Olshvang
  • Originally aired: 16 November 1994
  • Animation type: Paint on glass (using watercolors)
  • Sylvestra Le Touzel as Rosalind
  • Maria Miles as Celia/Audrey
  • John McAndrew as Orlando
  • Peter Gunn as Touchstone/Messenger
  • David Holt as Silvius/Hymen
  • Nathaniel Parker as Jacques/Oliver
  • Stefan Bernarczyk as Amiens/Lord
  • Christopher Benjamin as Duke Frederick/Corin
  • Garard Green as Duke Senior/Adam
  • Eiry Thomas as Phoebe
  • David Burke as Narrator

Julius Caesar

  • Directed by Yuri Kulakov
  • Designed by Galina Melko and Victor Chuguyevsky
  • Originally aired: 30 November 1994
  • Animation type: Cel animation
  • Joss Ackland as Caesar
  • Frances Tomelty as Calphurnia
  • David Robb as Brutus
  • Hugh Quarshie as Cassius
  • Jim Carter as Mark Antony
  • Judith Sharp as Portia
  • Peter Woodthorpe as Casca
  • Andrew Wincott as Narrator/Octavius
  • Dillwyn Owen as Soothsayer/Trebonius
  • Tony Leader as Cinna/Decius
  • John Miers as Lucius

The Winter's Tale

  • Directed by Stanislav Sokolov
  • Designed by Helena Livanova
  • Originally aired: 7 December 1994
  • Animation type: Stop motion puppet animation
  • Anton Lesser as Leontes
  • Jenny Agutter as Hermione
  • Sally Dexter as Paulina
  • Michael Kitchen as Polixenes
  • Adrienne O'Sullivan as Perdita
  • Stephen Tompkinson as Autolycus
  • Philip Voss as Shepherd/Judge
  • Simon Harris as Shepherd's Son/Servant
  • Jonathan Tafler as Camillo
  • Timothy Bateson as Antigonus
  • Jonathan Firth as Florizel
  • Spike Hood as Shepherd's Young Son
  • Hywel Nelson as Mamillius
  • Roger Allam as Narrator

Othello

  • Directed and designed by Nikolai Serebryakov
  • Originally aired: 14 December 1994
  • Animation type: Cel animation
  • Colin McFarlane as Othello
  • Gerard McSorley as Iago
  • Philip Franks as Cassio
  • Sian Thomas as Desdemona
  • Dinah Stabb as Emilia/Bianca
  • Terry Dauncey as Brabantio
  • Ivor Roberts as Duke/Lodovico
  • Simon Ludders as Roderigo
  • Philip Bond as Narrator